Training and Work

All about Training and Work in Ghana, Training on the Job in Ghana, Training and Employers and Employees, Training and Needs Assessment and more on AfricaPay Ghana

What is training in organisations meant to achieve?

Training in organisations is intended to address the attitude, knowledge and skills of employees at work to enable them to perform their assigned duties properly.

What are the requirements for a successful training programme?

One should establish organisational objectives that will then guide what general training is required for employees.

A training needs assessment should also be carried out to establish specific training requirements for the organisation, for various departments/units of the organisation, and for individual staff training.

Other requirements that will promote a more beneficial training programme are the following:

  • Considering whether there is a gap in performance 
  • Determining the training objectives
  • Selecting the trainees
  • Selecting the training methods and mode of training 
  • Administering the training
  • Evaluating the training

Why training?

  • The Labour Act 2003 (Act 651) requires that it is the duty of employers to develop their human resources by way of training and retraining of workers.
  • The law also encourages workers to demand to be trained and retrained for the development of their skills.
  • The quality of employees and their development through training and education are major factors in determining long-term profitability of an organisation.
  • In terms of hiring and keeping good employees, it is a good policy to invest in the development of their skills, so they can increase their productivity.
  • Continuous training for employees helps them adjust to rapidly to changing job requirements and helps them reach their potential.
  • Training enables employees to identify and overcome gaps within their work schedules and appreciate periodic changes that will sharpen their competencies.

Where is it appropriate to train?

Orientation training is for new employees.

Training can be done internally through on-the-job training which is delivered to employees while they perform their regular jobs.

There could also be off-the-job techniques which include lectures, special study, films, television conferences or discussions, case studies, role playing, simulation, programmed instruction and laboratory training.

Employees could also be sponsored or seconded to other institutions or organisations to be trained to learn and acquire new knowledge and skills to perform their work.

Training institutions must be carefully selected and chosen. Those that have the requisite facilities and resources are best suited to satisfy the training requirements of the organisation.

When is it appropriate to train?

Training is required at the following instances:

  • When new employees are engaged
  • When after performance reviews employees are found to be lacking in some skills
  • When new technology is introduced
  • When the organisation changes its direction/strategy
  • When new work processes or procedures have been introduced
  • When behaviours contrary to organisational work culture are identified
  • In addition, refresher courses are required periodically to equip and refresh employees on their assigned duties.

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